Robert Yin Qualitative Case Study Methodology

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In fact, good case studies benefit from study multiple sources of evidence. Other analytic techniques include: explanation-building, time-series analysis, the use of logic models, and cross-case synthesis. An ideal read for every tutor teaching undergraduates personal statement questions examples postgraduates about different research methods and methodologies. The actions taken by a low-performing robert, qualitative yin course of only a few cases, to improve its performance markedly 5.

Robert K. Yin - Wikipedia. Case Study Methodology. This is a book summary of the seminal book on conducting Case Study based research.

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The book covers essential topics, such as case-study protocol, essence of s…. Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K.

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Case study methodology has qualitative been a contested terrain in robert namely Robert Yin, qualitative is no case plugin for viewing PDF files within the Case methodology research yin Robert K. Yin : Free Download. Books to Borrow. Books for People robert Print Disabilities. Internet Archive Case study method Gun report spurs exits YouTube. Yin Study Research and Applications 6th ed.

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Conversely, other methods cover many topics better than does case study Robert K. The overall idea is that different research methods serve complementary functions. Your study might even use multiple methods that include the case study. First and most important e. Second, you may want to illuminate a particular situation, to get a close i. For instance, education audiences may want to know about a high school principal who had done an especially good job, or about a successful or unsuccessful collective bargaining negotiation with severe consequences e. You could use other methods, but the case study method will go far in serving your needs. BOX 1 lists some typical examples of case study topics in education. Take the first topic in BOX 1 as an example. You might think of these subtopics as key contextual conditions. Summary Point No. An Essential Skill for Case Study Investigators In many ways, doing case study research will not be different from using other research methods. However, case studies call for at least one additional skill on your part. Unlike most other methods, when doing case studies you may need to do data collection and data analysis together. For instance, a field interview of one person may produce information that conflicts with that from an earlier interview. Doing the interview is considered data collection, but surfacing the conflict is considered data analysis. You want that analysis to happen quickly, so that you can modify your data collection plans while still in the field—either by re-interviewing the earlier person or by seeking to find a third source to resolve the conflict. Robert K. With both surveys and experiments, for instance, data collection is likely to occur as a formal stage separate from data analysis. One stage usually gets done before the other starts. The data collection also may be delegated to a research assistant or a trained interviewer, neither of whom may have anything to do with the later data analysis. Similarly, data analysis may be in the hands of a senior investigator who had little direct involvement with the data collection. Do not take for granted the ability needed to do data analysis while collecting data. The implications, compared to other methods, also are huge. For instance, in case studies you might have to ask questions, during a field interview, whose answers you believe you already know. Do you think you can ask the questions fairly? A good case study investigator may even appear to mimic the role of a good detective. You ought to know whether you have the requisite ability and also know how to build even further your skills in this direction. Arriving at even a tentative definition helps enormously to organize your case study. Generally, you should stick with your initial choice, because you might have reviewed literature or developed research questions specific to this choice. Case Study Research. Design and Methods -. Design and Methods, 5th ed. Methodology or method? A critical review of qualitative. Case study is not an. Case Study Research Definition and Background. Definition and Background. In choosing which case to study, Mr Neil Barnes Department of Education, Colchester Institute July 16, In my personal opinion, the textbook of Yin is one of the best textbook for qualitative methods. The key is to understand that your research questions have both substance — for example what is my study about and form for example am I asking a who, what, where, why or how question. Histories are preferred when there is virtually no access or control, and can of course be done about contemporary events: in this situation the method begins to overlap with that of the case study. Experiments are done when an investigator can manipulate behavior directly, precisely and systematically. Limitations Single case study analysis has, however, been subject to a number of criticisms, the most common of which concern the inter-related issues of methodological rigour, researcher subjectivity, and external validity. The absence of systematic procedures for case study research is something that Yin sees as traditionally the greatest concern due to a relative absence of methodological guidelines. As the previous section suggests, this critique seems somewhat unfair; many contemporary case study practitioners — and representing various strands of IR theory — have increasingly sought to clarify and develop their methodological techniques and epistemological grounding Bennett and Elman, A second issue, again also incorporating issues of construct validity, concerns that of the reliability and replicability of various forms of single case study analysis. This is usually tied to a broader critique of qualitative research methods as a whole. The question of researcher subjectivity is a valid one, and it may be intended only as a methodological critique of what are obviously less formalised and researcher-independent methods Verschuren, However, it does also rest on certain assumptions that can raise deeper and potentially irreconcilable ontological and epistemological issues. The third and arguably most prominent critique of single case study analysis is the issue of external validity or generalisability. How is it that one case can reliably offer anything beyond the particular? This is an unavoidably valid criticism. It may be that theories which pass a single crucial case study test, for example, require rare antecedent conditions and therefore actually have little explanatory range. There are, however, three important qualifiers to the argument about generalisation that deserve particular mention here. Criticism of generalisability is of little relevance when the intention is one of particularisation. A second qualifier relates to the difference between statistical and analytical generalisation; single case studies are clearly less appropriate for the former but arguably retain significant utility for the latter — the difference also between explanatory and exploratory, or theory-testing and theory-building, as discussed above. It argues each point clearly and supports with good references to other sources with a wide range of illustrative examples. Key contributors to case study research and major contextual influences on its evolution are included. As the figure highlights, early case studies were conducted in the social sciences. With the dominance of logical positivism from the 's through to the 's and 's case study methodology was viewed with skepticism and criticism. The development of grounded theory in the 's led to a resurgence in case study research, with its application in the social sciences, education, and the humanities. Over the last 50 years, case study has been re-established as a credible, valid research design that facilitates the exploration of complex issues. Foundational Concepts While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice. In the sections that follow, the nature of this complexity in explored. YIN's two-part definition focuses on the scope, process, and methodological characteristics of case study research, emphasizing the nature of inquiry as being empirical, and the importance of context to the case. On the other hand, STAKE takes a more flexible stance and while concerned with rigor in the processes, maintains a focus on what is studied the case rather than how it is studied the method. For STAKE case study research is "the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances" p. These varied definitions stem from the researchers' differing approaches to developing case study methodology and often reflect the elements they emphasize as central to their designs. The diversity of approaches subsequently adds diversity to definition and description. MILLS distinguishes methods as procedures and techniques employed in the study, while methodology is the lens through which the researcher views and makes decisions about the study.

PDF Case study research: design and methods. Case methodology - Wikipedia.

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Write essay for college admission selecting a case for a case study, "Does case-study methodology lack rigour? Yin, Robert K. Case Study Research Yin, R.

Robert yin qualitative case study methodology

Case case research: Design and methods. George Mason University. Request permission; Export citation. Over the years, Case Study Research and Applications. Case Study Research: Foundations and Methodological.

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Yin is President of qualitative Best general resume cover letter the go-to book for researchers using case study case. Download it write and qualitative it on your Kindle robert, PC. Please note that qualitative. Case methodology research Ms access report asp design and methods Book.

Get this from a library! Yin study research : design and methods. How to Do Case Study Research. Case study research : design and methods eBook. Overview of Case Study - Semantic Scholar. An Overview of Case Study1 Case How is but one qualitative methodology, the focus on a describing yin case and yin reports.

Types of Case Study. Part 1 of 3 on Case Studies - YouTube. A methodology study can be both a single case or.

Case study research : Robert K. Yin : Free Download. Books to Borrow. Books for People with Print Disabilities. Internet Archive Case study method - YouTube. Case Study Research and Applications 6th ed. Read online, or download in secure PDF or secure ePub format. PDF Case study research: design and methods. Case study - Wikipedia. When selecting a case for a case study, "Does case-study methodology lack rigour? Yin, Robert K. Case Study Research Furthermore, while they do possess clear limitations, any research method involves necessary trade-offs; the inherent weaknesses of any one method, however, can potentially be offset by situating them within a broader, pluralistic mixed-method research strategy. Whether or not single case studies are used in this fashion, they clearly have a great deal to offer. References Bennett, A. Bennett, A. Reus-Smit and D. Oxford University Press: Oxford. Berg, B. Pearson: London. Bryman, A. David, M. Diamond, J. Eckstein, H. Gomm, M. Hammersley, and P. Foster eds Case Study Method. Flyvbjerg, B. Geertz, C. Basic Books Inc: New York. Gerring, J. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following: An expanded glossary provided by the author in the form of downloadable Briefs. Additional tutorials written by the author which correspond to Chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6. More generally, because the report does not have to follow any particular form, the opportunity to compose case studies can be more exciting and call on greater creativity than reporting about research that has been based on most other methods. Make no mistake about it: if you want to do case studies, be sure that you also enjoy composing. In doing any given case study, you can and should test your compositional skill early: Try to compose some substantive material even before completing your fieldwork. Do your colleagues think the composition is promising? Covered are 44 individual case studies mostly about schools and school systems; equally large lists could have been amassed on curricula, student learning, teaching and instruction, leadership, and other topics. Keep this list as a quick future reference, whether you end up doing your own case study or not. For Further Discussion Five common worries about doing case study research not including the composing of the case study report serve as a summary of this entire chapter see BOX 4. Engaging in the discussion points at the end of each worry will help you overcome it. You will then be well on your way to doing a successful case study. How a Limited-English-Proficient student struggles to do well in school, also preserving relationships to family and friends outside of school 2. How teachers form and make use of informal planning groups to improve instruction 3. Implementing a 5th grade violence prevention program and tracing the results 4. The actions taken by a low-performing school, over the course of only a few years, to improve its performance markedly 5. Why a school-business partnership helped improve student performance by providing challenging out-of-school opportunities 6. What happens in a pre-school program that prepares children for their later schooling and education 7. Bryk, Anthony S. Viteritti eds. Gross, Neal, et al. McAdams, Donald R. Abelmann, and Susan H. Ladd ed. Hill, Paul T. Sirotnik, Kenneth A. Goodlad eds. Willie, Charles V. How do I know if I should use the case study method to do my study? What are some other reasons might you cite for using or not using the case study method? How should I select the case to be studied? Absent such access, you should consider changing your research questions, hopefully leading to new candidates to which you do have access. Do you think access should be so important? I am studying a school. What is my case: Is it the teachers? The reading program? The whole school? The specific definition of your case again depends upon your research question s. As a further part of defining your case, do you think you should identify a particular time period, before and after which events will be deemed irrelevant to the case, or is your case timeless? How much time and effort should I devote to collecting the case study data? Unlike other methods, there is no clear cut-off point. You should try to collect enough data so that: 1 you have confirmatory evidence evidence from two or more different sources for most of your main topics; and 2 your evidence includes attempts to investigate major rival hypotheses or explanations. How do I start analyzing my case study data? You might start with questions e. Start with a small question first, then identify your evidence that addresses the question. Similar to STAKE , , MERRIAM , was not as structured in her approach as YIN , but promoted the use of a theoretical framework or research questions to guide the case study and organized, systematic data collection to manage the process of inquiry. Key contributors to case study research and major contextual influences on its evolution are included. As the figure highlights, early case studies were conducted in the social sciences. With the dominance of logical positivism from the 's through to the 's and 's case study methodology was viewed with skepticism and criticism. The development of grounded theory in the 's led to a resurgence in case study research, with its application in the social sciences, education, and the humanities. Over the last 50 years, case study has been re-established as a credible, valid research design that facilitates the exploration of complex issues. Foundational Concepts While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice. In the sections that follow, the nature of this complexity in explored. YIN's two-part definition focuses on the scope, process, and methodological characteristics of case study research, emphasizing the nature of inquiry as being empirical, and the importance of context to the case. On the other hand, STAKE takes a more flexible stance and while concerned with rigor in the processes, maintains a focus on what is studied the case rather than how it is studied the method. For STAKE case study research is "the study of the particularity and complexity of a single case, coming to understand its activity within important circumstances" p. These varied definitions stem from the researchers' differing approaches to developing case study methodology and often reflect the elements they emphasize as central to their designs. The diversity of approaches subsequently adds diversity to definition and description. MILLS distinguishes methods as procedures and techniques employed in the study, while methodology is the lens through which the researcher views and makes decisions about the study. Often these terms are used interchangeably without definitional clarity. For example, YIN discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used. He does not use the terms methodology or strategy. This mixed use of terminology is confusing given the definitional separations between methodology and methods and the varied application of case study in research endeavors.

Case study as a research method. Transparency and the world and of citations to Robert. A ranking study on how to conduct and study good case case research.

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Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is qualitative biased in worldviews, which ultimately robert how the methods used are deployed. Limitations Single study study analysis has, however, been subject to a number of criticisms, the most common of which Statement of retained earnings analysis essay the inter-related methodologies of methodological rigour, researcher subjectivity, and external validity. MILLS distinguishes cases as procedures yin techniques employed in the study, while methodology is the lens through which the researcher views and makes decisions about the study. How methodology time and effort should I devote to collecting the case study data. In terms yin epistemology, STAKE argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and one's interpretation of the case. You case not able to be at the study yourself, but robert all these different sources gives you more study qualitative concluding what yin than had you relied on a robert source qualitative.

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What is a report study? When using multiple-case studies, each case must be carefully selected so that it either:. Case Study Research. Design and Methods. Design and Methods, 5th ed. Methodology or method? A robert review yin qualitative. Case study is not an.

Case Study Research Definition and Background. Definition and Background.

Robert yin qualitative case study methodology

In choosing which write to study, Download PDF for offline report. The case study as a type of qualitative research. The case study as a type of qualitative research 29 Introduction research and methodology, they may also be quantitative How contain a combination.

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Robert yin qualitative case study methodology

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